Unseen Japan

The Japan You Don't Learn About in Anime.

Critics in Japan are calling out their country's judicial system after a series of rape cases are thrown out - and one case in particular has advocates in an uproar. (Picture: alexlmx / PIXTA(ピクスタ))

"Rape Paradise": Father's Absolution in Rape of 12-Year-Old Daughter Sparks Backlash

News   Posted on April 08, 2019 in crime, feminism, women's rights, children • By Jay Andrew Allen • Read Related Articles

(Trigger Warning: Frank discussion of numerous sexual assault incidents)

We've touched briefly at Unseen Japan on the problems the Japanese justice system has handling rape allegations. The most talked about example in the past few months revolved around idol star Yamaguchi Maho; despite being assaulted and nearly raped by two "fans" who broke into her home, the case ended without any charges. We've also written about the well-to-do Keio University students who, despite being arrested five times, were ultimately released without charges. And there's the now-infamous case of Ito Shiori, whose case against a friend of Prime Minister Abe Shinzo's was mysteriously dropped by police just as they were about to press charges.

Unfortunately, a string of recent incidents shows that nothing is changing. And one in particular is drawing attention both in and outside of Japan for its tone-deafness.

In an article for Bunshun Online, Ramein (pseudonym), a lawyer who has defended sexual assault victims, describes a string of cases in which rape accusations were tossed over issues of consent or awareness. In the first case, a man in Fukuoka Prefecture stood accused of rape after assaulting a woman who was passed out after drinking tequila. The judge ruled that, while the woman was in no condition to resist, her rapist wasn't aware that she was unable to put up a fight or say "no." Since the woman had appeared to tolerate other "obscene acts" that had happened at the party the two attended, the judge ruled that the rapist was justified in taking this as consent, and let him free.

In the second case, in Shizuoka Prefecture, a woman who'd been raped testified that her mind "went blank" during the incident, and she couldn't muster the energy to resist. The judge ruled that, since there was "no resistance in a form that could be understood" by the assailant, the accused couldn't be found guilty.

(JP) With a Woman They'd Gotten Drunk on Tequila...Why A String of Baffling Acquittals in Sexual Assault Cases?

テキーラで泥酔させられた女性と……性犯罪で不可解な無罪判決が相次ぐのはなぜか | 文春オンライン
今年3月、性犯罪事件の無罪判決が相次いだ。1つ目は、福岡地裁久留米支部での準強姦事件。女性がテキーラ等を大量に飲まされたことによって酩酊(めいてい)し、抗拒不能状態にあったことは認めたが、外部から見て…

In a third incident (not discussed by Ramein), a now-19-year-old woman accused her father of raping her in 2017, saying that she felt she couldn't speak out because he was paying her fees to a specialty school. That case was (you guessed it) also tossed, as the judge ruled that he couldn't rule that the girl had a subordinate relationship to her father, and that she didn't have the ability to resist. (The fact that this was a father having sex with his daughter was, apparently, not enough to establish coercion.)

(JP) Link: Father Not Guilty of Incapacitated Sexual Intercourse with Daughter; "Inability to Resist" Not Admitted - Shizuoka Branch District Court

娘と準強制性交、父親無罪 「抵抗不能」認定できず 地裁岡崎支部 - 毎日新聞
2017年に愛知県内で抵抗できない状態の実の娘(当時19歳)と性交したとして準強制性交等罪に問われた男性被告に、名古屋地裁岡崎支部が「被害者が抵抗不能な状態だったと認定することはできない」として無罪判決(求刑懲役10年)を言い渡していたことが4日、分かった。判決は3月26日付。

As horrible as these incidents are, it's the last case that has people up in arms. In another case before Shizuoka District Court, a girl who was 12 at the time the assault started said that her father raped her 3 times a week for two years. But his case was also dismissed. The reason? The judge ruled that the victim "couldn't be believed" because she lived in a "cramped" house with seven family members - therefore, it was impossible that someone wouldn't have heard her resist.

(JP) Link: Not Guilty in Assault of 12 Year Old Oldest Daughter; Shizuoka District Court: "Victim's Testimony Not Credible"

12歳長女への強姦で無罪、静岡 地裁「被害者の証言信用できず」
当時12歳の長女に乱暴したなどとして、強姦と児童買春・ポルノ禁止法違反の罪に問われた男性被告の判決公判で、静岡地裁...| 西日本新聞は、九州のニュースを中心に最新情報を伝えるWeb版ニュースサイトです。九州・福岡の社会、政治、経済などのニュース、福岡ソフトバンクホークスなどのスポーツ情報を提供します。

The news seems to have gotten only scant coverage in the Japanese press. However, this case has been making the rounds on JP Twitter, with some citizens accusing their country of being a "rape paradise" (強姦ごうかん天国てんごく). User hanakija38's much-shared tweet sums up many people's feelings:

The judge who ruled a father was not guilty of forcing himself on his daughter three times a week for two years because it was "odd" that no one would have heard them in such a cramped house should have his head examined! The wounds from sexual assault in your own family are immeasurable. Is Japan a rape paradise?

Critics of the "rape paradise" charge have shot back that, statistically, Japan has very low sexual assault rates - 1.0 per every 100,000 people, compared to much higher rates in other developed nations. But women's rights advocates have shot back that these numbers are the result of underreporting, and are part and parcel of the problem: Japan, they say, has created an environment where victims won't be believed, but will - like Ito Shiori - be subjected to a "second rape" in the media should they dare speak out.

Why are so many cases of sexual assault ending without conviction in a nation that prides itself on a 99.9% conviction rate? Lawyer Ramein explains Japanese law determines consent by looking primarily at the victim's actions:

では、性犯罪の裁判で「被害者の同意」はどうやって判断されているのだろうか。実務上、強姦罪の「暴行脅迫」は、「被害者の同意」と表裏に扱われている。つまり、暴行脅迫の程度と、被害者の抵抗の程度によって「被害者の同意」の有無が判断されているのだ。

So by what standard is the "victim's consent" determined in court? As a practical matter, "violence and coercion" in sexual assault crimes is handled in both cases by the "victim's consent." In other words, the existence of the "victim's consent" is determined by the degree of violence and coercion, and the victim's resistance.

In Ramein's view, many of the injustices seen in these cases could be reversed by better educating judges about the psychology of victims - e.g., getting judges to understand that it's common for victims to freeze during an assault, and that "lack of resistance" doesn't equate to consent. The writer sees Japan as in a "transition period," and believes that the country will, unfortunately, continue to see more such cases until a greater awareness of victim's psychology spreads among judges.

The attitude of judges, however, is just one part of the problem. There's also the issue of how victims are treated by society and in the press - i.e., the need to create a climate where it's safe for women to speak up. Sadly, the current government is offering little in the way of policy initiatives to create such a climate. It will likely be up to lawyers and social activists in the coming years to push Japan's culture in a new direction.

I'm the publisher of Unseen Japan. I hold an N1 Certification in the Japanese Language Proficiency Test, and am married to a wonderful woman from Tokyo.

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